A juvenile misdemeanor is a crime which is punishable by 12 months incarceration or less. Common examples include: assault and battery, possession of marijuana, trespassing and petit larceny (shoplifting).
The Juvenile Court has many options available to rehabilitate juveniles charged with misdemeanors without imposing a harsh punishment. Examples include classes, drug and alcohol treatment, and community service.
A juvenile felony in Virginia may carry serious consequences. Serious juvenile felonies may be transferred to Circuit Court for trial as an adult. Juveniles are also subject to adult punishments such as listing on the sex offender registration. The procedures of the juvenile court can be complex, and the effects may be long lasting.